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Agreement on the Conservation of Gorillas and Their Habitats

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Large primates, and especially the largest of all, the Gorilla, have always generated inspiration and fascination for the people of all continents. Many national and international, governmental and non-governmental organisations, are working to multiply conservation actions and efforts to attempt to remedy this critical situation.

Familial group of Mountain Gorilla. Robert Hepworth-CMS

Through 2007 the UNEP/CMS Secretariat worked with the Royal Belgian Institute for Natural Sciences, in partnership with the UNEP/UNESCO GRASP Secretariat, and in consultation with the gorilla Range States and the other partners of GRASP, to prepare, draft and negotiate this Agreement, and initiate its implementation via a regional, transborder Action Plan.
The first meeting of the Range States for the negotiation of an Agreement on the conservation of Gorillas and their habitats,under the auspices of the UN Convention on Migratory Species, took place in Paris between 22-26 October 2007.
The Agreement text itself was finalized and agreed upon by the Ranges States during the meeting. Nine out of the 10 Range States were present at the meeting.
A Final Act concluded the negotiation meeting and was signed on the 24 October 2007.

Paris-Signature Paris-Signature

The CMS Gorilla Agreement was open for signature Friday the 26 of October 2007, at the Congo Basin Forests Partnership Meeting. It was signed by the Ministers of the Environment of the Republic of Congo and the Central African Republic. The Agreement came into force in 2008. The Gorilla Agreement, as well as the projects which will result from it, will contribute to promoting the long term survival of gorillas, their forest habitat and dependent human populations. This should in turn make a tangible contribution to Central African forests biodiversity, and allow the States concerned to combine conservation and long lasting economic development.

Development of the Gorilla Agreement

Mountain Gorillas. Copyrights: Adrian Warren-Last Refuge In 2006, the UNEP/CMS Secretariat requested the Royal Belgian Institute for Natural Sciences, in partnership with the GRASP UNEP/UNESCO Secretariat, and in consultation with the gorilla range states and the other partners of GRASP, to develop this Agreement, and initiate its implementation via a regional, transborder Action Plan.
CMS and its partners have engaged themselves to develop and implement this Agreement, and to provide the gorilla range states, as well as the other governments and organisations involved, with a legal framework that will reinforce and integrate conservation efforts. This website, dedicated to development of this Agreement, was created in 2006.

Through the website Gorilla, you have access to the following documents: the text of the CMS Gorilla Agreement, maps, reports on the status of populations of gorillas. These documents can be viewed and downloaded for each taxa.
Under the CMS Gorilla Agreement, under the provisions of Article VIII, the CMS Secretariat, in collaboration with the range and international experts, has developed Action Plans during the year 2008. These Action Plans(one for each of the four taxa) were the main objective and were adopted by the first meeting of range States, held before the ninth Meeting of the Conference of the Parties to CMS (COP 9)
The first projects on these action plans have been made available online in June 2007 on this website (linked with the website of the Convention on Migratory Species) . All experts were invited to contribute to the development of these plans. A gorilla "wiki" dedicated to gorillas was developed. It allowed easy access for comments, proposals, suggestions or changes to the plans of action by all registered users. Gorilla MOP1

These Action Plans were finalized in late November, discussed at the First Meeting of the Parties (Rome, 28 November-4 December 2008) and were approved on 4 December 2008 as a resolution at the first Meeting of the Parties. Those documents are in section "Action Plans"

Gorilla MOP1



Click here for the latest UNEP/CMS documents:
Gorilla Agreement / Accord Gorilla - Acte Final/Final Act - Paris Gorilla Declaration / la Déclaration Gorilla de Paris. November 2007 (*)




Why this website and to whom is it addressed ?

This website is an information and communication tool to develop the CMS Gorilla Agreement. Requested by the Range States themselves, the objective of the Agreement will be to help conserve and restore Gorilla populations and their habitats to a favourable conservation status, primarily by establishing or reinforcing coordinated transfrontier activities or projects.

This website is addressed to all national institutions concerned with the conservation of Gorillas and their habitats, as well as to international organisations, international NGOs, national NGOs and research institutions concerned with and involved in Gorilla conservation.


Structure of the website


The website is divided into 8 main sections:

The first Section is the « Introduction and presentation »

Section « Gorilla: Conservation Status »: presents general biology of gorilla and conservation status reports of all 4 Gorillas taxa.

Section « CMS Gorilla Agreement »: this section presents the official version of the Agreement text.

Section « Action Plans »: this section presents the drafts for each Action Plan and those Action Plans approved by the Parties on 4th of December 2008.

Section « Article III »: this section presents the important Artcle III of the CMS Gorilla Agreement.

Section « Press release »: this section presents some press release and pictures taken during Paris Meeting (22-26 October 2007).

Section « Working Group »: will include a dicussion forum for everyone involved in the preparation of the Action Plans

Section « News »: including news relating to Gorilla conservation.

A question, a remark about the website or the project? please Contact us.
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Last modified : October 01, 2013