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The Late Neolithic Michelsberg culture - just ramparts and ditches? A supraregional comparison of agricultural and environmental data

TitleThe Late Neolithic Michelsberg culture - just ramparts and ditches? A supraregional comparison of agricultural and environmental data
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsKreuz, A, Märkle, T, Marinova, E, Meurers-Balke, J, Rösch, M, Schäfer, E, Schamuhn, S, Zerl, T
JournalPraehistorische Zeitschrift
Volume88
Pagination72-115
Date Publishedaugust
KeywordsArchéologie : Néolithique, Belgium, landscape, malus domestica, palaeoenvironmental reconstruction, review
AbstractThe archaeobotanical state of research from sites of the Michelsberg and the Bischheim culture (5th/4th millenium BC) in France, Belgium, southern Netherlands and Germany has been compiled and discussed in the context of archaeological, climatological and biological data. Compared with Bischheim and the Middle Neolithic the farmers of the Michelsberg culture had a reduced crop spectrum with emphasis on cereal growing. It is still under debate, from where the tetraploid wheat has been introduced. Possibly the growing of oil/fibre plants was abandoned by the Michelsberg farmers. Interestingly the same reduced crop spectrum is found somewhat later in the distribution area of the Funnelbeaker culture as well as in the Neolithic sites of Great Britain and Ireland. Climatic causes are not likely for this phenomenon. Instead, zoologial and botanical results point to an agricultural system with more emphasis on stock farming, which might have been based on a cultural decision.
DOI10.1515/pz-2014-0006
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