Patrick Semal

Curator Anthropology, Head of section
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+32 (0)2 627 43 80
Key Publications
H. Rougier, Crevecoeur, I. , Beauval, C. , Posth, C. , Flas, D. , Wißing, C. , Furtwängler, A. , Germonpré, M. , Gomez-Olivencia, A. , Semal, P. , van der Plicht, J. , Bocherens, H. , and Krause, J. , Neandertal cannibalism and Neandertal bones used as tools in Northern Europe, Scientific Reports, vol. 6, 2016.
Q. Fu, Posth, C. , Hajdinjak, M. , Petr, M. , Mallick, S. , Fernandes, D. , Furtwängler, A. , Haak, W. , Meyer, M. , Mittnik, A. , Nickel, B. , Peltzer, A. , Rohland, N. , Slon, V. , Talamo, S. , Lazaridis, I. , Lipson, M. , Mathieson, I. , Schiffels, S. , Skoglund, P. , Derevianko, A. P. , Drozdov, N. , Slavinsky, V. , Tsybankov, A. , Cremonesi, R. Grifoni, Mallegni, F. , Gély, B. , Vacca, E. , Morales, M. R. Gonzàl, Straus, L. G. , Neugebauer-Maresch, C. , Teschler-Nicola, M. , Constantin, S. , Moldovan, O. Teodora, Benazzi, S. , Peresani, M. , Coppola, D. , Lari, M. , Ricci, S. , Ronchitelli, A. , Valentin, F. , Thevenet, C. , Wehrberger, K. , Grigorescu, D. , Rougier, H. , Crevecoeur, I. , Flas, D. , Semal, P. , Mannino, M. A. , Cupillard, C. , Bocherens, H. , Conard, N. J. , Harvati, K. , Moiseyev, V. , Drucker, D. G. , Svoboda, J. , Richards, M. P. , Caramelli, D. , Pinhasi, R. , Kelso, J. , Patterson, N. , Krause, J. , Pääbo, S. , and Reich, D. , The genetic history of Ice Age Europe, Nature, vol. advance online publication, 2016.
I. Crevecoeur, Brooks, A. , Ribot, I. , Cornelissen, E. , and Semal, P. , Late Stone Age human remains from Ishango (Democratic Republic of Congo): New insights on Late Pleistocene modern human diversity in Africa, Journal of Human Evolution, vol. 96, pp. 35-57, 2016.
J. Brecko, Mathys, A. , Dekoninck, W. , Deceukelaire, M. , VandenSpiegel, D. , and Semal, P. , Revealing Invisible Beauty, Ultra Detailed: The Influence of Low Cost UV Exposure on Natural History Specimens in 2D+ Digitization, PLOS ONE, vol. 11, p. e0161572, 2016.
C. Posth, Renaud, G. , Mittnik, A. , Drucker, D. G. , Rougier, H. , Cupillard, C. , Valentin, F. , Thevenet, C. , Furtwängler, A. , Wißing, C. , Francken, M. , Malina, M. , Bolus, M. , Lari, M. , Gigli, E. , Capecchi, G. , Crevecoeur, I. , Beauval, C. , Flas, D. , Germonpré, M. , van$\~$der$\~$Plicht, J. , Cottiaux, R. , Gély, B. , Ronchitelli, A. , Wehrberger, K. , Grigourescu, D. , Svoboda, J. , Semal, P. , Caramelli, D. , Bocherens, H. , Harvati, K. , Conard, N. J. , Haak, W. , Powell, A. , and Krause, J. , Pleistocene Mitochondrial Genomes Suggest a Single Major Dispersal of Non-Africans and a Late Glacial Population Turnover in Europe, Current Biology, vol. 26, pp. 827–833, 2016.

2016

H. Rougier, Crevecoeur, I. , Beauval, C. , Posth, C. , Flas, D. , Wißing, C. , Furtwängler, A. , Germonpré, M. , Gomez-Olivencia, A. , Semal, P. , van der Plicht, J. , Bocherens, H. , and Krause, J. , Neandertal cannibalism and Neandertal bones used as tools in Northern Europe, Scientific Reports, vol. 6, 2016.
Q. Fu, Posth, C. , Hajdinjak, M. , Petr, M. , Mallick, S. , Fernandes, D. , Furtwängler, A. , Haak, W. , Meyer, M. , Mittnik, A. , Nickel, B. , Peltzer, A. , Rohland, N. , Slon, V. , Talamo, S. , Lazaridis, I. , Lipson, M. , Mathieson, I. , Schiffels, S. , Skoglund, P. , Derevianko, A. P. , Drozdov, N. , Slavinsky, V. , Tsybankov, A. , Cremonesi, R. Grifoni, Mallegni, F. , Gély, B. , Vacca, E. , Morales, M. R. Gonzàl, Straus, L. G. , Neugebauer-Maresch, C. , Teschler-Nicola, M. , Constantin, S. , Moldovan, O. Teodora, Benazzi, S. , Peresani, M. , Coppola, D. , Lari, M. , Ricci, S. , Ronchitelli, A. , Valentin, F. , Thevenet, C. , Wehrberger, K. , Grigorescu, D. , Rougier, H. , Crevecoeur, I. , Flas, D. , Semal, P. , Mannino, M. A. , Cupillard, C. , Bocherens, H. , Conard, N. J. , Harvati, K. , Moiseyev, V. , Drucker, D. G. , Svoboda, J. , Richards, M. P. , Caramelli, D. , Pinhasi, R. , Kelso, J. , Patterson, N. , Krause, J. , Pääbo, S. , and Reich, D. , The genetic history of Ice Age Europe, Nature, vol. advance online publication, 2016.
I. Crevecoeur, Brooks, A. , Ribot, I. , Cornelissen, E. , and Semal, P. , Late Stone Age human remains from Ishango (Democratic Republic of Congo): New insights on Late Pleistocene modern human diversity in Africa, Journal of Human Evolution, vol. 96, pp. 35-57, 2016.
J. Brecko, Mathys, A. , Dekoninck, W. , Deceukelaire, M. , VandenSpiegel, D. , and Semal, P. , Revealing Invisible Beauty, Ultra Detailed: The Influence of Low Cost UV Exposure on Natural History Specimens in 2D+ Digitization, PLOS ONE, vol. 11, p. e0161572, 2016.
C. Posth, Renaud, G. , Mittnik, A. , Drucker, D. G. , Rougier, H. , Cupillard, C. , Valentin, F. , Thevenet, C. , Furtwängler, A. , Wißing, C. , Francken, M. , Malina, M. , Bolus, M. , Lari, M. , Gigli, E. , Capecchi, G. , Crevecoeur, I. , Beauval, C. , Flas, D. , Germonpré, M. , van$\~$der$\~$Plicht, J. , Cottiaux, R. , Gély, B. , Ronchitelli, A. , Wehrberger, K. , Grigourescu, D. , Svoboda, J. , Semal, P. , Caramelli, D. , Bocherens, H. , Harvati, K. , Conard, N. J. , Haak, W. , Powell, A. , and Krause, J. , Pleistocene Mitochondrial Genomes Suggest a Single Major Dispersal of Non-Africans and a Late Glacial Population Turnover in Europe, Current Biology, vol. 26, pp. 827–833, 2016.

2015

A. Mathys, Brecko, J. , Van den Spiegel, D. , Cammaert, L. , and Semal, P. , Bringing Collections to the Digital Era: 3 Examples of Integrated High Resolution Digitisations Projects, in Proceedings of the Digital Heritage 2015, 2015, pp. 1-4.
C. Wißing, Crevecoeur, I. , Germonpré, M. , Krause, J. , Naito, Y. , Posth, C. , Rougier, H. , Semal, P. , and Bocherens, H. , Insight from stable isotopes into the ecology of late Neandertals, in Hugo Obermaier Conference, 2015, pp. 76-77.
A. Mathys, Brecko, J. , Van den Spiegel, D. , and Semal, P. , 3D and Challenging Materials: Guidelines for Different 3D Digitisation Methods for Museum Collections with Varying Material Optical Properties., in Proceedings of the 2nd international Congress on Digital Heritage 2015, Granada, 2015.
T. Chapman, Sholukha, V. , Semal, P. , Louryan, S. , Rooze, M. , and Jan, S. Van Sint, Femoral curvature variability in modern humans using three-dimensional quadric surface fitting, Surgical Radiological and Anatomy journal, vol. 37, pp. 1169-77, 2015.
T. Chapman, Semal, P. , Moiseev, F. , Sholukha, V. , Louryan, S. , Rooze, M. , and S Jan, V. Sint, Reconstruction et analyse biomécanique du Neandertal «$\~$Spy II$\~$» en utilisant le logiciel lhpFusionBox, Morphologie, vol. 99, p. 83, 2015.
C. Wißing, Rougier, H. , Crevecoeur, I. , Germonpré, M. , Naito, Y. I. , Semal, P. , and Bocherens, H. , Isotopic evidence for dietary ecology of Late Neandertals in North-Western Europe, Quaternary International, vol. 411, pp. 327-345, 2015.
B. Beyer, Chapman, T. , Sholukha, V. , Semal, P. , Feipel, V. , Louryan, S. , and S Jan, V. Sint, Géométrie et morphométrie des côtes$\~$: de Kebara 2$\~$à l{'}humain moderne, Morphologie, vol. 99, p. 96, 2015.
H. Rougier, Crevecoeur, I. , Beauval, C. , Bocherens, H. , Flas, D. , Germonpré, M. , Gomez-Olivencia, A. , Krause, J. , Posth, C. , Semal, P. , van der Plicht, J. , and Wissing, C. , First evidence of Neandertal cannibalism in Northern Europe: the case of the “Troisieme Caverne” of Goyet (Belgium), Abstracts of the Paleoanthropology Society Meeting, 2015.

2014

L. Cammaert, Jadin, I. , and Semal, P. , Trésors d'un autre âge. Sur la piste des premiers Hommes dans nos contrées, in Trésor ? / Trésor ! Archéologie au coeur de l'Europe", Catalogue du Musée Royal de Mariemon, publication\_type= type D. E. M. G. Editions Safran, 2014, p. 13 p.
S. Kerkhof, Dekoninck, W. , Brecko, J. , Bouyer, T. , Drumont, A. , Grootaert, P. , and Semal, P. , Afrotropical Saturniidae collection at RBINS: an almost complete and scientific very valuable collection with high potential for future research, in Abstractbook 5the Symposium Entomology in Belgium organized by RBINS and RBES, 28/11/2014, 2014, p. p 31.
J. Brecko, Mathys, A. , Dekoninck, W. , Leponce, M. , VandenSpiegel, D. , and Semal, P. , Focus Stacking: a low budget semi-automated approach allowing high quality mass digitization., in Symposium "Entomology in Belgium 2014", Royal Belgian Entomological Society, Brussels, 2014, p. 24.
P. Semal, Crevecoeur, I. , and Rougier, H. , The adult Neandertals from Spy and the variability of Late Neandertals, in MIDDLE PALAEOLITHIC IN NORTH-WEST EUROPE MULTIDISCIPLINARY APPROACHES, 2014, p. 41.
H. Rougier, Crevecoeur, I. , Beauval, C. , Flas, D. , Bocherens, H. , Wißing, C. , Germonpré, M. , Semal, P. , and van der Plicht, J. , New fossils at the "Troisième caverne" of Goyet (Belgium) and the mortuary practices of Late Neandertals, in MIDDLE PALAEOLITHIC IN NORTH-WEST EUROPE MULTIDISCIPLINARY APPROACHES, 2014, p. 35.
A. Mathys, Brecko, J. , and Semal, P. , Cost Evaluation of 3D Digitisation Techniques, in 3D/4D Documentation in Cultural Heritage, 2014, pp. 17-25.
C. Wißing, Bocherens, H. , Crevecoeur, I. , Beauval, C. , Flas, D. , Germonpré, M. , Semal, P. , van der Plicht, J. , and Rougier, H. , Insight into the ecology of Neandertals in North-West Europe : Stable Isotopes and their palaeobiological implications, in MIDDLE PALAEOLITHIC IN NORTH-WEST EUROPE MULTIDISCIPLINARY APPROACHES, 2014, p. 46.
J. Albert Brecko, Mathys, A. , Dekoninck, W. , Leponce, M. , Spiegel, D. Vanden, and Semal, P. , Image stacking: a semi-automated approach allowing high quality mass digitization, in Digital Specimen 2014, Berlin, 2014.
W. Dekoninck, Brecko, J. , Grootaert, P. , and Semal, P. , Formicidae type specimens of Jean Bondroit stored at RBINS.. Abstractbook 5the Symposium Entomology in Belgium organized by RBINS and RBES, 28/11/2014, p 26, 2014.
J. Brecko, Mathys, A. , Dekoninck, W. , Leponce, M. , Spiegel, D. Vanden, and Semal, P. , Focus stacking: Comparing commercial top-end set-ups with a semi-automatic low budget approach. A possible solution for mass digitization of type specimens, Zookeys, vol. 464, pp. 1-23, 2014.
I. Crevecoeur, Skinner, M. M. , Bailey, S. E. , Gunz, P. , Bortoluzzi, S. , Brooks, A. S. , Burlet, C. , Cornelissen, E. , De Clerck, N. , Maureille, B. , Semal, P. , Vanbrabant, Y. , and Wood, B. , First Early Hominin from Central Africa (Ishango, Democratic Republic of Congo), PLoS ONE, vol. 9, p. e84652, 2014.
T. Chapman, Lefevre, P. , Semal, P. , Moiseev, F. , Sholukha, V. , Louryan, S. , Rooze, M. , and Jan, S. Van Sint, Sex determination using the Probabilistic Sex Diagnosis (DSP: Diagnose Sexuelle Probabiliste) tool in a virtual environment., Forensic Science International, vol. 234, pp. 189 (e1-8), 2014.
T. Higham, Douka, K. , Wood, R. , Ramsey, C. Bronk, Brock, F. , Basell, L. , Camps, M. , Arrizabalaga, A. , Baena, J. , Barroso-Ruíz, C. , Bergman, C. , Boitard, C. , Boscato, P. , Caparrós, M. , Conard, N. J. , Draily, C. , Froment, A. , Galván, B. , Gambassini, P. , Garcia-Moreno, A. , Grimaldi, S. , Haesaerts, P. , Holt, B. , Iriarte-Chiapusso, M. - J. , Jelinek, A. , Pardo, J. F. Jordá, Maíllo-Fernández, J. - M. , Marom, A. , Maroto, J. , Menéndez, M. , Metz, L. , Morin, E. , Moroni, A. , Negrino, F. , Panagopoulou, E. , Peresani, M. , Pirson, S. , de la Rasilla, M. , Riel-Salvatore, J. , Ronchitelli, A. , Santamaria, D. , Semal, P. , Slimak, L. , Soler, J. , Soler, N. , Villaluenga, A. , Pinhasi, R. , and Jacobi, R. , The timing and spatiotemporal patterning of Neanderthal disappearance, Nature, vol. 512, pp. 306-309, 2014.

2013

T. Chapman, Semal, P. , Sholukha, V. , Moiseev, F. , Balzeau, A. , Stéphane, L. , Rooze, M. , and Serge, V. Sint Jan, Virtual biomechanical analysis of the lower limbs of a Neandertal, in Proceedings of the European Society for the Study of Human Evolution, Leipzig, 2013, vol. 2, p. 61.
H. Rougier, Crevecoeur, I. , Beauval, C. , Flas, D. , Bocherens, H. , Wissing, C. , Germonpré, M. , Semal, P. , and van der Plicht, J. , The First Upper Paleolithic Human Remains from Belgium: Aurignacian, Gravettian, and Magdalenian Fossils at the “Troisième caverne” of Goyet, in PaleoAnthropology 2013, 2013, p. A33.
P. Semal, Hauzeur, A. , Rougier, H. , Crevecoeur, I. , Germonpré, M. , Pirson, S. , Haesaerts, P. , Jungels, C. , Flas, D. , Toussaint, M. , Maureille, B. , Bocherens, H. , Higham, T. , and van der Plicht, J. , Radiocarbon dating of human remains and associated archaeological material, Anthropologica et Præhistorica, vol. 123/2012, pp. 331-356, 2013.
T. Chapman, Semal, P. , Moiseev, F. , Louryan, S. , Rooze, M. , and Jan, S. Van Sint, Application du logiciel de modélisation musculosquelettique lhpFusionBox à une problématique paléoanthropologique. Spyrou le Néandertalien marche !, Médecine Sciences: M/S, vol. 29, pp. 623-629, 2013.
H. Bocherens, Germonpré, M. , Toussaint, M. , and Semal, P. , Stable isotopes., Anthropologica et Præhistorica, vol. 123/2012, 2013.

2012

H. Rougier, Crevecoeur, I. , Beauval, C. , Bocherens, H. , Flas, D. , Germonpré, M. , Semal, P. , and van der Plicht, J. , Des Néandertaliens à la troisième caverne de Goyet (Belgique) et leur gestes mortuaires. Journées de la Société d'anthropologie de Paris, 25-27 janvier 2012, 2012.
H. Rougier, Crevecoeur, I. , Beauval, C. , Bocherens, H. , Flas, D. , Germonpré, M. , Semal, P. , and van der Plicht, J. , New data from and old site : Neandertals at Goyet (Belgium) and their mortuary behavior, Supplement: Program of the 81st Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists, vol. 147 (S54). American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 2012.
P. Semal, Kennis, A. , Kennis, A. , Beker, A. , Chapman, T. , Jan, S. Van Sint, Crevecoeur, I. , Maureille, B. , Balzeau, A. , and Anelli, M. , Reconstitution hyperréaliste de l'individu Néandertaliens Spy II. Questions, choix et résultats., Bulletins et Mémoires de la Société d'Anthropologie de Paris, vol. 24, pp. 1-39, 2012.
S. Pirson, Flas, D. , Abrams, G. , Bonjean, D. , Court-Picon, M. , Di Modica, K. , ChristelleDraily, C. , Damblon, F. , Haesaerts, P. , Miller, R. , Rougier, H. , Toussaint, M. , and Semal, P. , Chronostratigraphic context of the Middle to Upper Palaeolithic transition. Recent data from Belgium, Quaternary International, vol. 259, pp. 78-94, 2012.

2010

P. Semal, Hauzeur, A. , Toussaint, M. , Jungels, C. , Pirson, S. , Cammaert, L. , and Pirson, P. , La grotte de Spy (Jemeppe-sur-Sambre; prov. de Namur) : approche historique et synthétique de 130 ans de fouilles et de collections, Anthropologica et Praehistorica, vol. 121, pp. 65-94, 2010.

2009

P. Semal, Crevecoeur, I. , Hauzeur, A. , Jungels, C. , Flas, D. , Balzeau, A. , Cammaert, L. , Germonpré, M. , Maureille, B. , Pirson, S. , and Toussaint, M. , Le réexamen des collections de Spy., in Paléolithique moyen en Wallonie. La collection Louis Eloy., vol. 2, Dmonica K. and C., J. Service du patrimoine culturel, 2009, pp. 201-202.
S. Pirson, Semal, P. , Abrams, G. , Bonjean, D. , Court-Picon, M. , Crevecoeur, I. , Damblon, F. , Di Modica, K. , Draily, C. , Flas, D. , Hauzeur, A. , Higham, T. , Jungels, C. , Rougier, H. , Toussaint, M. , van der Plicht, J. , and Haesaerts, P. , Middle-to- Upper Palaeolithic transition (MUPT): recent data from Belgium., in Abstracts book, 2009.
P. Semal, Rougier, H. , Crevecoeur, I. , Jungels, C. , Flas, D. , Hauzeur, A. , Maureille, B. , Germonpré, M. , Bocherens, H. , Pirson, S. , Cammaert, L. , De Clerck, N. , Hambucken, A. , Higham, T. , Toussaint, M. , and van der Plicht, J. , New data on the late Neandertals: direct dating of the Belgian Spy fossils., American Journal of Physical Anthropology, vol. 138, pp. 421-8, 2009.

2004

E. Gilissen, Smith, T. , Semal, P. , Postnov, A. , and De Clerck, N. , Multituberculate endocranial casts and early mammalian brain evolution, in Book of Abstracts, 2004.
H. Rougier, Crevecoeur, I. , Fiers, E. , Hauzeur, A. , Germonpré, M. , Maureille, B. , and Semal, P. , Collections de la Grotte de Spy: (re)découvertes et inventaire anthropologique, Notae Praehistoricae, vol. 24, pp. 181-190, 2004.

2001

R. Orban, Semal, P. , and Twiesselmann, F. , Sur la biométrie des mandibules et des dents humaines d'Ishango (LSA, République démocratique du Congo), Bulletins et Mémoires de la Société d'Anthropologie de Paris, vol. 13, pp. 97-109, 2001.
M. Toussaint, Orban, R. , Polet, C. , Semal, P. , Bocherens, H. , Masy, P. , and Martin, C. Garcia, Apports récents sur l'anthropologie des Mésolithiques et des Néolithiques mosans, Anthropologica et Præhistorica, vol. 112, pp. 91-105, 2001.

2000

R. Orban, Polet, C. , Semal, P. , and Leguebe, A. , La taille des Néolithiques mosans, in Actes de la Huitième Journée d'Archéologie Namuroise (Rochefort, 25-26 février 2000), 2000, pp. 37-38.
R. Orban, Polet, C. , Semal, P. , and Leguebe, A. , La stature des Néolithiques mosans, Bulletin de l'Institut royal des Sciences naturelles de Belgique, Sciences de la Terre, vol. 70, pp. 207-222, 2000.

1999

P. Semal, Martin, C. Garcia, Polet, C. , and Richards, M. P. , Considération sur l'alimentation des Néolithiques du Bassin mosan : usures dentaires et analyses isotopiques du collagène osseux, Notae Praehistoricae, vol. 19, pp. 127-135, 1999.
R. Orban, Polet, C. , Semal, P. , and Leguebe, A. , La taille des Néolithiques mosans (Belgique)., Bulletins et Mémoires de la Société d'Anthropologie de Paris, vol. n. s., t. 11, p. 496, 1999.

1998

C. Garcia Martin, Semal, P. , Polet, C. , and Orban, R. , Dental microwear analyses of prehistoric and medieval samples., in Abstracts of the 11th Congress of the European Anthropological Association, 1998.

1997

R. Orban, Semal, P. , and Orvanova, E. , Hominid remains from the Northern European Plain: and up-date to the catalogue of fossil hominids, Préhistoire européenne, vol. 11, 1997.

1990

C. Garcia Martin, Semal, P. , Polet, C. , and Orban, R. , Reconstitution du régime alimentaire par l'étude de l'usure dentaire. Application sur quatre populations historiques et préhistoriques de Belgique., Bulletins et Mémoires de la Société d'Anthropologie de Paris, vol. n. s., t. 11, p. 490, 1990.

1989

R. Orban, Semal, P. , and Molleson, T. , La nécropole médiévale de Coxyde (Belgique): propos sur la détermination du sexe., Bulletin de la Société royale belge d'Anthropologie et de Préhistoire, vol. 100, pp. 57-70, 1989.

1988

R. Orban, Semal, P. , Procureur, F. , and Twiesselman, F. , La première prémolaire supérieure : variabilité et évolution de ses dimensions particulièrement chez les Néandertaliens, in L'homme de Neandertal, Liège, 1988, vol. 3: L'Anatomie, pp. 95-101.
01/01/1993 to 31/12/2018

The Pleistocene fauna in Palaeolithic sites: the human-animal connection

Human-animal relationships during the Palaeolithic have often been regarded to be limited to subsistence related issues. Here, we propose to broaden the scope of this human-animal connection and include other dimensions like the hunting of pachyderms and small species, and the spiritual importance of hunted animals.
16/11/2010 to 15/11/2013

Project DIGIT05: catalogues and databases of scientific collections

Paleobotany Collections of the Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences are among the largest and richest in Europe. They are unique in the world for the Paleozoic (542-299 Ma) as they contain many type specimens from internationally defined historical and actual stratotypes from existing sites in Belgium
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